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Server General

General settings for the load balancer. When a path information is required, it can be either absolute or relative to $SERVER_ROOT. $SERVER_ROOT is the location where LiteSpeed load balancer is installed. For examples, it can be your_home_dir/lslb, /opt/lslb, or etc. The load balancer executable is under $SERVER_ROOT/bin.

Table of Contents

Server Process

Server Name | Number of Processes | Running As | Priority | Chroot Path | Enable chroot | Max I/O Buffer Size | Swapping Directory

General Settings

Disable Initial Log Rotation | Server Signature | Hide Error Page Signature | Enable GeoLocation Lookup | Use Client IP in Header | Header Operations | Check For Update | Download Updates | Administrator Email

MaxMind GeoIP DB

DB File Path | DB Name | Environment Variables

IP2Location DB

IP2Location DB File Path | DB Cache Type

Server Name

Description

A unique name for this server. You can use $HOSTNAME as value.

Number of Processes

Description

[Only Available For Web ADC Ultimate Licenses]
Specifies the number of lslbd workers. Enter 0 to have this number be decided automatically.

Syntax

Integer value between 0 and 128.

Tips

Set an appropriate number to suit your needs. Adding more processes may not necessarily mean better performance.

Running As

Description

Specifies the user/group that the server process runs as. This value is set during installation. In order to change it, you must download the installation package and perform an upgrade via the command line.

Apply

Reinstall required.

Tips

Server should not be run as a privileged user, such as "root". It is critical that the server is configured to run as an un-privileged user/group combination that does not have login/shell access. A user and group of nobody is generally a good choice.

Priority

Description

Specifies priority of the server processes. Value ranges from -20 to 20. A lower number equates to a higher priority.

Syntax

Integer number

Tips

Usually a higher priority leads to slightly higher web performance on a busy server. Do not set priority higher than that of database processes.

Chroot Path

Description

Specifies the directory where the chroot environment is rooted. Only "root" user can run the server in chroot mode. Whether to run in chroot mode is controlled by Enable chroot option. The installer program will set up the initial chroot environment automatically. This entry is read-only, and if you want to change it, please run the installer again from the command line.

In the chroot environment, the server and its child processes cannot access file systems outside of the chroot jail. Chroot is an advanced security feature and additional administration may be required to make it work properly. All required executables, libraries, configuration files, and device files should be recreated within the chroot jail.

As the root directory is changed, you need to pay special attention to path configuration when an absolute path is used. A Unix domain socket or swapping directory is always relative to the new root directory. All other path configurations are always relative to the real root.

Apply

Reinstall required.

Tips

Use chroot for better security.

Enable chroot

Description

Specifies whether to start the server in chroot mode. The new root directory is set by Chroot Path during installation.

Syntax

Select from radio box

Max I/O Buffer Size

Description

Specifies the maximum buffer size that is used to store a request body and its dynamically generated response. When this limit is reached, the server will start to create temporary swapping files under Swapping Directory.

Syntax

Integer number

Tips

Set the buffer size large enough to accommodate all concurrent requests/replies to avoid memory to disk swapping. If there is frequent I/O activity to the swap directoy, by default /tmp/lshttpd/swap/, this buffer size is too low and LiteSpeed is swapping to disk.

See Also

Swapping Directory

Swapping Directory

Description

Specifies the directory where the swapping files should be placed. When the server is started in chroot mode, this directory is relative to the new root directory, otherwise it is relative to the real root directory.

The server uses its own virtual memory to reduce system memory usage. Virtual memory and disk swapping are used to store large request bodies and dynamically generated responses. The swapping directory should be placed on a disk with enough space.

Default value: /tmp/lslbd/swap

Syntax

Absolute path

Tips

Place the swapping directory on a separate disk or increase Max I/O Buffer Size to eliminate swapping.

See Also

Max I/O Buffer Size

Disable Initial Log Rotation

Description

Specifies whether to enable/disable rotation of server error log file at startup. Initial log rotation is enabled by default when using value "Not Set".

Syntax

Select from radio box

Server Signature

Description

Specifies whether to show the server signature and version number in the response header's "Server" value. There are three options: when set to Hide Version, only LiteSpeed is shown. When set to Show Version, LiteSpeed and the version number are shown. When set to Hide Full Header, the entire Server header will not be shown in the response header.

Syntax

Select from drop down list

Tips

Set to Hide Version if you do not wish to expose the server version number.

Hide Error Page Signature

Description

Specifies whether or not to show the lines

Powered By LiteSpeed.
LiteSpeed Technologies is not responsible for administration and contents of this web site!"
on your default error pages.

Syntax

Select from radio box

Enable GeoLocation Lookup

Description

Specifies whether to enable/disable IP Geolocation lookup. Can be set at server, virtual host, or context level. IP Geolocation is disabled by default when using value "Not Set".

Syntax

Select from radio box

See Also

Use Client IP in Header, DB File Path,

Use Client IP in Header

Description

Specifies whether to use the first most valid IP IP address listed in the "X-Forwarded-For" HTTP request header for all IP address-related features, including connection/bandwidth throttling, access control, and IP geolocation.

This feature is useful if your web server is behind a load balancer or a proxy server. If you select Trusted IP Only, then X-Forwarded-For IP will be used only when the request is coming from trusted IPs defined in the server-level Allowed List.

Keep Header from Trusted IP is the same as Trusted IP Only, but the X-Forwarded-For header used for the backend will not be modified to include the connecting peer address.

Use Last IP (for AWS ELB) will use the last IP address in the "X-Forwarded-For" list. Select this option if you are using AWS Elastic Load Balancer or expect the real IP to appended to the end of the "X-Forwarded-For" list.

Syntax

Select from drop down list

Header Operations

Description

Specifies additional response/request headers to be added. Multiple header directives can be added with one directive per line. "NONE" can be used to disable parent header inheritance. If no directive is provided 'Header' is assumed.

Syntax

[Header]|RequestHeader [condition] set|append|merge|add|unset header [value] [early|env=[!]variable]

Example

set Cache-control no-cache
append Cache-control no-store
Header set My-header cust_header_val
RequestHeader set My-req-header cust_req_header_val

Tips

Syntax and usage are similar to Apache's mod_headers directives for supported operations.

The 'Header' directive is is optional and can be excluded or left in when copying rules from elsewhere without issue.

Check For Update

Description

Specifies how often the update agent will check for a new product release. Options are "Daily", "Weekly", "Monthly" and "Disable".

Syntax

Select from drop down list

Download Updates

Description

Specifies whether to auto-download a new product release package file when available. If a new package has been successfully downloaded, an online one-click upgrade can be performed via the WebAdmin console under Service Manager - Version Management.

Syntax

Select from drop down list

Administrator Email

Description

Specifies the server administrator's email address(es). If specified, administrators will be notified by email of important events (for example, when the LiteSpeed service is restarted automatically due to crash detection or when license is expiring).

Syntax

Comma delimited list of email address.

Tips

Email alert feature will only work if the server has an active MX server such as postfix, exim, or sendmail.

MaxMind GeoIP DB

Description

Multiple MaxMind geolocation databases can be specified here. MaxMind has the following type of DBs: Country, Region, City, Organization, ISP and Netspeed. If multiple databases of types "Country", "Region", and "City" are configured, the last configuration will be effective.

DB File Path

Description

Specifies the path to MaxMind GeoIP database.

Syntax

Absolute path

Example

/usr/local/share/GeoIP/GeoLite2-Country.mmdb

DB Name

Description

MaxMind GeoIP database name. As of GeoIP2, this setting is required.

When upgrading from a GeoIP to a GeoIP2, using values "COUNTRY_DB", "CITY_DB", or "ASN_DB" for this setting will automatically populate PHP's $_SERVER variable with some GeoIP compatible entries (listed by DB Name value below) to help ease this transition.

CITY_DB: 'GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE', 'GEOIP_COUNTRY_NAME', 'GEOIP_CONTINENT_CODE', 'GEOIP_COUNTRY_CONTINENT', 'GEOIP_DMA_CODE', 'GEOIP_METRO_CODE', 'GEOIP_LATITUDE', 'GEOIP_LONGITUDE', 'GEOIP_POSTAL_CODE', and 'GEOIP_CITY'.
COUNTRY_DB: 'GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE', 'GEOIP_COUNTRY_NAME', 'GEOIP_CONTINENT_CODE', and 'GEOIP_COUNTRY_CONTINENT'.
ASN_DB: 'GEOIP_ORGANIZATION' and 'GEOIP_ISP'.

Example

COUNTRY_DB

Environment Variables

Description

Assign the results of database lookups to environment variables.

Syntax

Variable_Name mapped_DB_data

One entry per line. Path to data can use map keys or 0-based array indexes, both being separated by /.

Example

COUNTRY_CODE COUNTRY_DB/country/iso_code
REGION_CODE CITY_DB/subdivisions/0/iso_code

IP2Location DB File Path

Description

The location of a valid database file.

Syntax

Filename which can be an absolute path or a relative path to $SERVER_ROOT.

DB Cache Type

Description

The caching method used. The default value is Memory.

Syntax

Select from drop down list

Privacy Policy

Privacy Policy

LiteSpeed Technologies, Inc. (aka “LiteSpeed”) is committed to protecting your privacy. This policy ("Privacy Policy" or "Policy") explains our practices for our site, www.litespeedtech.com ("Site"). You can visit most pages of the Site without giving us any information about yourself, but sometimes we do need information to provide services that you request. By using this Site or any products or services provided through the Site, you expressly consent to the use and disclosure of information as described in this Privacy Policy.

LiteSpeed reserves the right to revise, modify, add, or remove provisions to this Privacy Policy at any time. If we make changes to this Privacy Policy, we will update the Effective Date to note the date of such changes. LiteSpeed encourages you to review this Privacy Policy periodically for any changes. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE WITH ANY OF THE TERMS BELOW, YOU SHOULD NOT USE THIS SITE OR THE PRODUCTS OR SERVICES OFFERED BY LITESPEED TECHNOLOGIES AT THIS SITE.

Collection of Information

Personal Information.

LiteSpeed will ask you for certain “Personal Information” when you complete registration or product information request forms on the Site, including but not limited to your name, address, telephone number, email address, and credit card information. You can always choose not to provide us with the requested information, however, you may not be able to complete the transaction or use our products or services if you do not provide the information requested.

Non-Personal Information.

LiteSpeed may collect non-personally identifiable information from you such as the type of browser you use, your operating system, the screen resolution of your browser, your ISP, your IP address, which pages you view on the Site and the time and duration of your visits to the Site (collectively, “Non-Personal Information”). LiteSpeed may associate Non-Personal Information with Personal Information if you register with the Site.

User Communications.

If you communicate with us, we may collect information relating to that communication whether it takes the form of email, fax, letter, forum posting, blog comments, testimonials or any other form of communication between you and LiteSpeed or Submitted by you to the Site (collectively, “User Communications”).

Server Information.

If you use one of our software products such as LiteSpeed Web Server or LiteSpeed Web ADC, we may collect certain information concerning such software and concerning the server upon which the software operates. This information includes: (a) the licensed or unlicensed status of the software; (b) the source from which the license for the software was obtained (i.e., LiteSpeed or a LiteSpeed affiliate); or (c) information about the server upon which the software is installed including (i) the public IP address, (ii) the operating system and (iii) the use of any virtualization technologies on such server ((a) through (c) collectively, “Server Information”). Additionally, “Server Information” may also include information collected from you by LiteSpeed in the event that you request technical support services including without limitation, IP addresses, usernames, and passwords necessary to login to SSH, the root directory of the server upon which you installed the LiteSpeed software and any affected accounts including email accounts, control panel accounts, MySQL accounts, CMS accounts and other accounts.

Use and Storage of Collected Information

LiteSpeed may use Personal Information to create and authenticate your account, to respond to your requests, to provide you with customer and technical support, or to provide you with information regarding our products, services, partners, and company. You may update your Personal Information with us at any time, but we may maintain records of any Personal Information you disclose to us indefinitely, unless otherwise requested as outlined below.

We may use User Communications in the same ways we use Personal Information. If you communicate with us for a particular purpose, we may use your User Communications for that purpose. For example, if you contact us for technical support, we may use your communications to provide technical support to you. We may maintain records of User Communications you transmit to us indefinitely, unless otherwise requested as outlined below.

LiteSpeed may use Non-Personal Information to maintain, evaluate, improve and provide our Site, the Services and any other LiteSpeed products and services. We may retain Non-Personal Information indefinitely.

We may use Server Information to provide you with technical support services and to maintain, evaluate, improve and provide LiteSpeed products and services. We may also use such information to investigate unlicensed (and therefore unauthorized) uses of our software. LiteSpeed may maintain Server Information indefinitely, with the exception of usernames, passwords, and other login information given in connection with support service requests. Such login information will be purged when the ticket is closed.

Disclosure of Collected Information

LiteSpeed will only disclose Personal Information to third parties if acting under a good faith belief that such action is necessary, including but not limited to: (a) to resolve disputes, investigate problems, or comply with laws or regulations; (b) to enforce our Terms of Service; (c) to protect and defend the rights, property, or safety of our company or our users; or (d) in the event of a merger, acquisition or sale of all or substantially all LiteSpeed assets. Other than this limited activity, we do not share, sell, or rent any personal information to third parties.

You will receive notice in the form of modifications to this Policy when information about you might go to third parties other than as described in this Policy, and you always have the opportunity to contact us as set forth below if you do not wish your information to go to third parties.

LiteSpeed cannot be responsible for protecting your information if you share such information in publicly available sections of the Site such as the user forums, blog comments, or testimonials section. You should use your own judgment in disclosing this information on the Site.

Use of Cookies

“Cookies” are small pieces of information that your browser stores on your computer on behalf of a website that you have visited. Cookies may be used in order to complete transactions on our site. You can always choose not to accept cookies with the settings of your web browser, however, you may not be able to complete these transactions if you do not accept cookies.

Security of Personal Information

We use reasonable security methods to protect your personal information from unauthorized access, use or disclosure. No data transmission over the Internet or any wireless network can be guaranteed to be perfectly secure. While we try to protect your personal information, we cannot guarantee the security of any information you transmit to us, and you do so at your own risk.

LiteSpeed uses industry-standard SSL-encryption to protect sensitive data.

In the event that LiteSpeed becomes aware of a security breach, unauthorized disclosure or inadvertent disclosure concerning your information, you agree that LiteSpeed may notify you of such an event using the Personal Information previously provided.

You are responsible for maintaining your account’s security.

GDPR Statement

LiteSpeed Technologies values your users’ privacy. Although our software does not directly collect any personally identifiable information from visitors to your site, LiteSpeed may still be considered a data processor, as user information may be temporarily cached and/or logged, as outlined in this document.

Servers

LiteSpeed Web Server, OpenLiteSpeed, LiteSpeed Web ADC, and related software may record IP addresses as a part of normal logging. An access log and an error log may record visitor IP addresses and URL visited. The logs are stored locally on the system where LiteSpeed server software is installed and are not transferred to or accessed by LiteSpeed employees in any way, except as necessary in providing routine technical support if you request it. This logging may be turned off through configuration. It is up to individual server administrators to come up with their own schedule for removing such logs from the file system.

Cache Solutions

Our cache plugins potentially store a duplicate copy of every web page on display on your site. The pages are stored locally on the system where LiteSpeed server software is installed and are not transferred to or accessed by LiteSpeed employees in any way, except as necessary in providing routine technical support if you request it. All cache files are temporary, and may easily be purged before their natural expiration, if necessary, via a Purge All command. It is up to individual site administrators to come up with their own cache expiration rules.

LSCache for WordPress

In addition to caching, our WordPress plugin has an Image Optimization feature. When optimization is requested, images are transmitted to a remote LiteSpeed server, processed, and then transmitted back for use on your site. LiteSpeed keeps copies of optimized images for 7 days (in case of network stability issues) and then permanently deletes them.

Similarly, the WordPress plugin has a Reporting feature whereby a site owner can transmit an environment report to our server so that we may better provide technical support.

Neither of these features collects any visitor data. Only server and site data is involved.

Support Services

Sometimes, when you request technical support, LiteSpeed may ask for login credentials to various areas of your site. You may refuse to share such credentials, however refusal may impact LiteSpeed’s ability to provide the requested support services.

Upon completion of a support ticket, LiteSpeed immediately deletes all login credentials you may have shared.

Any user data encountered by LiteSpeed is kept strictly confidential. We never provide your support ticket information to any third party without your explicit consent.

Contact Us

If you would like to update information that you have voluntarily provided to us, stop receiving information from us, or exercise any of the rights granted to you under Privacy Laws, including the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation, please e-mail info@litespeedtech.com.